31 décembre 2015

INFOS

    • Multipol est un réseau international et interdisciplinaire de chercheurs et d’experts en droit international et relations internationales, provenant de milieux professionnels divers, tels que la justice internationale, la diplomatie, la recherche et la fonction publique internationale. Depuis sa création en 2006, Multipol a connu une audience grandissante. Afin de pérenniser notre réseau, nous invitons toute personne intéressée à écrire des notes d’actualité, à nous signaler des événements et appels à contributions, ou à établir un partenariat, à nous contacter : contact.multipol@gmail.com. MERCI à tous nos lecteurs !
    • INFO : Marcelo Kohen, Professor of International Law, was elected Secretary-General of the Institute of International Law, at the organisation’s 77th biennial congress in Tallinn. Marcelo Kohen becomes the fourth Graduate Institute Professor to gain this prestigious title, following Hans Wehberg, Paul Guggenheim and former Director Christian Dominicé.
    • ACTU : Cameroon becomes 29th AU Member State to ratify Protocol on establishment of The African Court (August 2015).
    • THE HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW: Creation of a concise timeline mapping the broad history of public international law with particular attention paid to the signing of major treaties, the foundation of fundamental institutions, the birth of major figures in international law and milestones in the development of some of the field’s best-known doctrines. 
    • INFO : Iran Nuclear Deal is Reached after Long Negotiations.
    • INFO : Khmers rouges : le juge Mark Harmon, chargé du tribunal spécial de Phnom Penh, a annoncé sa démission, le 7 juillet 2015. C’est le quatrième juge à prendre cette décision depuis l’instruction de la première affaire, en juillet 2006.
    • INFO: UN Gaza Inquiry finds credible allegations of war crimes committed in 2014 by both Israel and Palestinian armed groups (22 June 2015).

    2 septembre 2015

    RAPPORT : Selon la CNUCED, Gaza pourrait devenir inhabitable d’ici à 2020

    Catherine MAIA

    Selon le nouveau  rapport de la CNUCED (Conférence des Nations Unies sur le Commerce et le Développement), intitulé Rapport sur l’assistance de la CNUCED au peuple palestinien : évolution de l’économie du Territoire palestinien occupé, Gaza pourrait devenir inhabitable d’ici à 2020 si les tendances économiques actuelles persistent. Huit années de blocus économique et trois opérations militaires en six ans ont anéanti la capacité de Gaza d’exporter et de produire pour son marché intérieur, ruiné ses infrastructures déjà très affaiblies, empêché sa reconstruction et sa reprise économique. Elles ont accéléré la régression économique du Territoire palestinien occupé selon un processus qui, non seulement entrave le développement, mais en inverse le cours.

    29 août 2015

    OUVRAGE : S. Hutter, Starvation as a Weapon: Domestic Policies of Deliberate Starvation as a Means to an End under International Law

    Catherine MAIA

    In Starvation as a Weapon Simone Hutter explores, within the framework of international law, the legality of using deliberate starvation as a means to an end. A close look at modern famine shows that, in many cases, food scarcity is not the product of coincidence, but a side effect or result of a deliberate strategy. Starvation is an efficient instrument when used to exert pressure and power, in times of war and peace. Simone Hutter demonstrates how international human rights law and international humanitarian law prevent deliberate starvation as a means of achieving political goals. She focuses on highly divisive and under-discussed instances in which states deploy deliberate starvation domestically, i.e. within the state’s own national territory.

    23 août 2015

    OUVRAGE : S. Lalonde, T.L. McDorman (eds.), International Law and Politics of the Arctic Ocean

    Jean-Marie COLLIN

    International Law and Politics of the Arctic Ocean: Essays in Honor of Donat Pharand is a collection of essays in honor of Professor emeritus Donat Pharand by leading Arctic experts from around the globe. The volume offers a clear, concise and detailed analysis of many of the issues an expanded use of the Arctic Ocean raises and of critical importance for the legal and political processes unfolding in the Arctic region.


    19 août 2015

    OUVRAGE : A. Klein, C. Laporte, M. Saiget (dir.), Les bonnes pratiques des organisations internationales

    Catherine MAIA

    Comme les entreprises, les organisations internationales recourent aux bonnes pratiques pour améliorer leur action, former leurs collaborateurs, renforcer leur expertise et, ainsi, légitimer leur présence sur un terrain de plus en plus concurrencé par les acteurs non étatiques.

    6 août 2015

    OUVRAGE : T.D. Grant, Aggression against Ukraine: Territory, Responsibility, and International Law

    Catherine MAIA

    Aggression against Ukraine marks a stunning shift. Ever since 1945 it had been understood that the borders of States must not be the object of forcible change by other States. However, Russia has now revived long-buried historical claims — and prosecutes them by dint of arms. The annexation of Crimea in March 2014 and the subsequent armed incursions in eastern Ukraine under color of separatist movements in Donetsk and Luhansk challenge not just one State's territorial integrity, but jeopardize the general settlement on which international law for almost three generations has rested. This is the settlement which enabled human rights and modern institutions of international law to flourish. Russia's domestic rejection of human rights and its new geopolitics of territorial seizure in this light should be seen not in isolation but as connected developments — and as a challenge to international law and global public order at large.

    2 août 2015

    REVUE : Journal on the Use of Force and International Law (vol. 2, issue 1, 2015)

    Olivier CORTEN

    It is with great pleasure that we introduce the first issue of the second volume of the Journal on the Use of Force and International Law. As ever, legal questions regarding both threats and uses of force can be witnessed within the international community. The crisis continues in eastern Ukraine, despite a ceasefire agreement being reached in Minsk in February 2015, and forcible responses against Islamic State have continued apace within Iraq and Syria, with Egypt broadening the geographical scope of the response to Libyan territory. While the facts on the ground make for disturbing reading, the ways in which some states have justified their actions can also leave a slightly sour taste in one's mouth. While understandable from some perspectives, the use of punitive language by Jordan in responding to the gruesome killing by Islamic State of one of its military pilots whose aircraft had been shot down over Syria raises questions over whether, and, if so, how, the distinction exists between unlawful reprisals and self-defence. Or does the jus ad bellum ultimately have anything to say about this incident, given that it is entirely plausible that Jordan was engaged in a non-international armed conflict with Islamic State?

    30 juillet 2015

    ACTU : Le Conseil de sécurité échoue à créer un tribunal spécial pour poursuivre les responsables de la destruction du vol MH17 en Ukraine

    Catherine MAIA

    Un peu plus d'un an après l'incident survenu dans la province ukrainienne de Donetsk, au cours duquel 298 passagers, dont 196 Néerlandais, avaient trouvé la mort à bord de l'appareil de la compagnie Malaysia Airlines, la Fédération de Russie a bloqué le projet de résolution présenté au Conseil par la Malaisie sur les suites à donner à cette catastrophe.